characteristics of quality education

Some authors focus on students’ evaluation of individual classes or the evaluations of individual teachers by students to measure the quality of education (Ginns, Prosser, & Barrie, 2007). From Table 2 expected beta value for students having higher educated parents are 0.797 and 0.481 for Master's program (or above) and Honors degree in cluster 1 compared with cluster 3. Nonetheless, students with high family income are not found to be influenced regarding education quality compared to those with lower family income. 5 Howick Place | London | SW1P 1WG. Can you drill down into your data and see … Quality physical education must cover a great deal of content, and physical educators cannot do their jobs effectively or have enough … On the other hand, if it is based on merit, the university authority should encourage these students to engage in a more challenging curriculum. Students’ perception of higher education quality is heavily influenced by the university they study at, scholarship status, extra-curricular activities, parents’ education, age, and previous educational success. The independent variables were name of university, gender, age, recent previous result (highest grade is GPA 5.00), scholarship status, involvement in research work, part-time job status, extra-curricular activities, university promotion, parents’ highest education (highest of the father's and mother's highest education level), and family income (in Taka value). Educators should carefully consider the gender difference during students’ admission and how this is related to perception of higher education quality. Lastly, the administration systems of a university will also determine how well a projected plan will be implemented to ensure the quality of education. These authors show that environmental factors such as social, economic, and cultural influences can also play vital roles. This means that if the university has brand image of academic excellence, it should emphasize more on educational quality dimensions compared to other personal and professional support services. The logic of this result may be explained by higher expectation from boys rather than girls in a family. Physical education should have the same class sizes as other subjects. Students who do not have a part-time job or extra-curricular activities have less odds to be placed in clusters 1 and 2 compared with cluster 3 than those who have part-time job or extra-curricular activities. Third, an important aspect of education quality is identified by academic factors within the universities. Rahman and Uddin (2009) stated that parents’ education, their income, attitude, and present examination system affect the education of children. Others focus on students’ perception of learning environment across their entire degree and the way these perceptions are related with study and learning outcomes (Lizzio, Wilson, & Simons, 2002). Teachers … Most educators are informed about energy technologies (e.g. At the center of all effective high schools are strong core values that place the... 2) Overall Positive … Early childhood educators have no hang ups about getting into character and can … The first part of this paper presents findings on the scope, characteristics and quality of currently available education … This result indicates that authorities of higher education institutions should design their curriculum as if academic success can reflect the higher odds to get success in post-study professional life. Goal 4: Quality education. Very few studies, however, have measured the extent to which students’ characteristics influence perceptions of quality higher education. For both characteristics, students with lower ages and lower previous educational success have higher expectations about the education quality than higher aged and higher result holding students. Umemiya (2008) suggested that these activities are designed not only to increase collaboration among universities, but also to establish regional economy and improve the productivity and efficiency. Students studying in the universities where a high level of education quality is advocated generally have a higher level of perception (or expectation) of education quality. Factors affecting the impact of teacher education programmes on teacher preparedness: Implications for accreditation policy 1, On the Way into the Bologna reform—a consideration of the quality and the role of human resource management in higher education system, Quality and assessment in context: A brief review, Invisible inequality: Social class and childrearing in black families and White families, University students’ perceptions of the learning environment and academic outcomes: Implications for theory and practice, Public policy implications of changing student attendance patterns, Approaching common ground: Defining quality in online education, Higher education in Bangladesh: Status, issues and prospects, Students’ perceptions of service quality in higher education, Statistical errors: P values, the ‘gold standard’ of statistical validity, are not as reliable as many scientists assume, Statistical analysis of different socio economic factors affecting education of NW. Negative scholarship status and research participation have 0.505 and 0.797 beta value for cluster 1 compared with cluster 3. Opportunity to Learn: a. Instructional periods totaling 150 minutes/week (elementary) and 225 minutes/week (middle and secondary school) b. Later, Koslowski (2006) defined both of these perspectives separately. The questionnaire can be found in the Appendix. Two sets of estimates are given: one for cluster 1 which represents lower degree of responses and another is cluster 2 which represents moderate degree of responses about the dimensions of education quality. In recent decades, the commercialization of education has become more apparent and the need for using marketing tools is greater than before. They can use these findings to formulate regulations, and target specific groups of students to ensure favorable academic environment and increase the brand image of their institutions. In a way we can say that we are fitting n – 1 separate binary logistic models, where we compare category 1 to the baseline category, then category 2 to the baseline and so on. Thus if a university does not have reputation for quality, students are more reflective of quality perceptions (i.e. Despite the large number of scholarships provided by the universities, top students are the main recipients (Ashraf et al., 2009). Thus, these findings will help university authorities and policy-makers to segment the student groups based on their characteristics and target the right group of students for different institutions. bThe parameter is set to zero because it is redundant. The second part of the questionnaire contained questions regarding students’ socio-economic and background-related questions, which are the independent variables. The expected beta values in Cluster 2 compared to Cluster 3 for EWU, IUB, and NSU are 61%, 57%, and 70% more than that for UIU whereas for BRAC University, it is about 40% less. This result implies that students who get scholarships or are involved in research work have comparatively less expectation about higher education quality that the institutions provide to them. Mitchell (2010) defined it from four perspectives: stakeholders’ perceptions, quantifiable elements, course design elements, and external standards. student perceptions of essential learning outcomes, Public and private provision of higher education in Malaysia: A comparative analysis, Quality assurance in higher education: The next 25 years. The multinomial logistic regression is basically an extension of binary logistic regression for nominal variables with more than two categories. They found two fundamental dimensions, tangibles and intangibles, to measure the service quality. Syed Shahadat Hossain, PhD, is a Professor of Applied Statistics at the Institute of Statistical Research and Training, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh. At the center of all effective high schools are strong core values that place the education of the students first. In this way, they can target both male and female students for their instructions. She recommended that definition of higher education quality should be aligned with required recognition of outside agencies. From the date it was established BRAC University has been recognized to fulfill the highest quality of education, and has established itself as a leader in the industry. The reason for this can be explained by the overall image of the education industry. The result of logistic regression is presented in Table 2. This indicates that a BRAC University student is 12% more likely than a UIU student to be placed in Cluster 1 compared to Cluster 3. Quality education provides the foundation for equity in society. Future studies can explore similar associations and explain them in different contexts. For this reason, educators should target this segment of students to make their overall perceived education quality higher. The 95% confidence intervals for the coefficients for independent variable ‘university’ were found to include unity for all of the universities indicating no significant influence of the university a student studies in on his/her expectation of education quality. Determinants of education quality: what makes students’ perception different? Koslowski classified higher education quality as (1) ‘transcendent quality’ as the result of reputation of and expertise of academic staff, (2) ‘manufacturing-based quality’ as the service conforms to specifications and is fit to be used in manner for which it was designed, (3) ‘product-based quality’ as increased student learning produced by the curriculum and academic staff… UNESCO’s framework on the variables of education quality has five dimensions: 1. All of these four dimensions determine the quality of higher education (Akareem & Hossain, 2012; Ashraf et al., 2009). Our team of educators wanted to understand the characteristics of highly effective schools. However, extant literature does not clearly identify which characteristics make the students perceive these dimensions differently. Quality teaching: Means for its enhancement? For the teachers, administration and staff of a high school, one of the best methods to find a positive, new direction is to emulate the success of a quality high school education both in their region and around the world. The author found that students sometimes suggest that learning is not correlated with the course design and instructor, what students actually learn does not always reflect in their grades, but recognized that student evaluation of teaching is treated as one of the widest research literature in applied psychology (Ginns et al., 2007). For ethical purposes, respondents were free to not disclose information they did not wish to share. In the first phase, descriptive analysis (frequency and percentage) was used to describe the data. Who is the ideal teacher? Unlike physical “stuff,” digital stuff is more fluid–constantly iterating and evolving at often breakneck speed. It influences what students learn, how they learn and what benefits they draw from their education' (EFA GMR 2005, Education for All – The Quality Imperative). A similar interpretation can be drawn regarding the influence of whether a student participates in part-time employment. The first part contained questions regarding the dimensions of higher education quality, which are dependent variables. This kind of practice of balancing theoretical-practical exposure within the curriculum has already been adopted in developed countries (Bay, 1999) and could be replicated in universities of developing countries. Hence, addressing the issue of training existing and future teaching staff is critical and will ultimately result in higher quality education. Koslowski (2006) classified higher education quality as (1) ‘transcendent quality’ as the result of reputation of and expertise of academic staff, (2) ‘manufacturing-based quality’ as the service conforms to specifications and is fit to be used in manner for which it was designed, (3) ‘product-based quality’ as increased student learning produced by the curriculum and academic staff, (4) ‘value-based quality’ as acceptable performance at an acceptable price, and (5) ‘user-based quality’ as students’ needs, wants, and preferences. Determinants of education quality: what .... https://doi.org/10.1080/23265507.2016.1155167, http://core.journals.yorku.ca/index.php/core/article/view/2724/1929, http://chronicle.com/article/First-Kill-All-the/45128/, http://www.ats.ucla.edu/stat/spss/dae/mlogit.htm, Students’ involvement in extra-curricular activities, HSC or equivalent result (converted in scale of 5.00). Reasonable class sizes. It means that female students have 45% and 23% more chance to be in the less and moderate expectation group compared with the high expectation group than male students. Status of getting a scholarship is not only the indicator of higher quality perception, but also a symbol of recognition as a better student. Each year a large number of students go abroad for ‘quality’ higher education from different developing countries. According to this study, the driving forces of AUN quality assurance activities are (1) taking policies to reduce economic gap within the region; (2) making policies of the more developed countries to internationalize higher education institutions; (3) exchanging staff and transferring credits, and (4) making policies to create a single market. The total enrolment rate in developing regions reached 91 percent in … In order to provide ‘quality’ of higher education, quality assurance is necessary. Electronic word-of-mouth via consumer-opinion platforms: What motivates consumers to articulate themselves on the internet? This is especially true when the interest of the students is placed first. Establishing a practice of field inspection to rate the environmental support available in different universities would improve an understanding of these characteristics and could be administered by quality assurance authorities, such as country- or region-specific agencies. This study indicates that the environment created by higher education institutions influences the students’ perception of quality. Sarpkaya (2010) showed that students put more emphasis on factors like employment potential and individual satisfaction, and are less influenced by marketing factors like media coverage and publicity. Although previous studies agree that education quality can be determined by multiple dimensions that help the higher education institutions to design appropriate value propositions, which factor(s) influence the students’ perception about these dimensions is relatively unexplored. They also got the opportunity to refuse any question which they felt uncomfortable answering. Transformation – Dramatic play is a big part of many early childhood education curriculums. Wilkinson and Yussof (2005) stated that the tendency of private universities is to get their specialization in profitable areas only. The expression for the multinomial logistic regression model is given bywhere is the probability of belonging to group j, is a vector of explanatory variables, and is the coefficients, which are estimated using maximum likelihood estimation (for details, see, for example, Agresti & Kateri, 2011). similarity and difference in perception of students of education regarding the qualities of a good teacher and of their own qualities as teachers, Quality education management at private universities in Bangladesh: An exploratory study, Continuous improvement in business education: Insights from the for-profit sector and business school deans, The quasi-markets in higher education: From the improbable perfectly competitive markets to the unavoidable state regulation, The future of higher education and of higher education research, Monitoring the opinions of parents of college students as a component of the institution's In-house education quality management system. Having a good mix of teachers in high school education provides the best balance of experience and energy that makes the best atmosphere for the children. According to his research, academic staff are more likely to define quality of higher education in resource rather than performance terms, such as individual reputation, number of publications, and number of courses taught. Authorities of higher education institutions should understand their positioning and brand image in the minds of students and their guardians, and then design education quality accordingly. Dr. Patricia Fioriello is the founder of DRPFConsults.com - place to discover the latest hot topics in education and best ways to address current education issues. Proper equipment and facilities. Umemiya (2008) stated that four basic areas of AUN's activities are: exchanging academic staff and students, doing collaborative research activities, sharing information, and promoting ASEAN studies. The percentages in Table 1 indicate that for each of the variables considered, none of the categories is found to be rare, that is each of the categories has a representation. solar and wind) but one of the least recognized is carbon dioxide capture and storage (CCS). The office staff in particular is the first to greet students, parents and guests when they first arrive at the school. 3099067 Multinomial regression analysis was conducted to identify the characteristics of students which make their perception about quality of higher education dissimilar. Therefore, this research will identify and measure the extent to which students’ characteristics influence the perceptions of higher education quality. Read more about DRPF Consults and connect with Dr. Patricia Fioriello on LinkedIn. The authors are thankful to BRAC University for supporting this research work. Highly effective … Here, establishing strong alumni associations and bringing practitioners from professional fields from different industries and different parts of the world in diverse programs can provide better understanding about the dimensions of education. The result is that a significant amount of money is spent outside the country, resulting in missed economic opportunity. Therefore, a high quality curriculum … According to Rahman and Uddin (2009) education is the responsibility of the government and should be managed through national resources. Cluster 3 is the reference group which represents higher degree of responses for education quality. Furthermore, higher education institutions need to assure a standard quality of service to sustain in the market they operate in. A traditional survey was conducted from the existing students of five top ranking private universities in Bangladesh located in Dhaka City. Other segmentation criteria such as geographic, psychographic, and behavioral dimensions suggested by Kotler and Armstrong (2010) can be incorporated in future studies. These perceptions were taken in 9-point measurement scale, which were later converted into three responses based on higher, moderate, and lower expectation of the students using K-Means Cluster analysis (see, for example, Everitt, Landau, Leese, & Stahl, 2011). A total of 432 responses were taken on the basis of cluster sampling, where sections (groups) of students attending the same course under the same teacher in the same classroom are considered as a cluster. Some of the results of this study confirm the outcome of previous studies, whereas some of the results contradict them, for example, association between perception of higher education quality and participation in part-time job or extra-curricular activities contradicts with the prior study of Akareem and Hossain (2012). However, most tend to agree on three broad principles: the need for relevance, for equity of access and outcome, and for proper observance of individual rights (UNESCO, 2004). Instructional strategies that support high quality physical education … Characteristics of Quality Physical Education 1. The questionnaire was divided into two parts containing closed-ended questions. We mined current research to uncover the nine characteristics of highly effective schools. The personal qualities include general personal qualities, kindness, leadership, and attitude toward profession; and professional qualities include knowledge of the subject matter and didactic knowledge. DRPF Consults designs school eBooks covering the most critical topics about education problems in today's schools. We use cookies to improve your website experience. For both cases, students with lower age and lower educational success have higher expectations of higher education quality. Ingvarson, Beavis, and Kleinhenz (2007) identified a set of characteristics for effective teacher education programs. However, both these studies tried to conceptualize quality of higher education from either staff’s or administrators’ perspective which lacks the perspective of students and external quality control agencies. Table 2 also shows the 95% confidence interval for the odds ratio or Exp(B) which will be considered as the basis of justifying significance. The first thing that greets you when you enter a school is the office staff. On the other hand, institutions having a position of professionalism should focus on establishing a strong employment placement program, professional counseling, and stronger ties among alumni members, rather than academic features. Students who receive a scholarship usually set a high standard for education quality and that is why they are found to be in the higher expectation groups compared to those students who do not receive a scholarship. If the scholarship is based on non-academic merit (i.e. What are the characteristics of a high quality education? Educationis a gradual process which brings positive changes in human life and behavior. Therefore, authorities should design the course curriculum so that students can find synergy between institutional learning and application of that learning in a career. This research carries value to education policy-makers and university authorities. The influence of parents’ education may have occurred because higher educated parents can more easily assess the quality and result of education then lower educated parents. Quality education is a human right and a public good. Future studies in this area can be done considering different sets of socio-cultural dimensions. Students participating in extra-curricular activities are expected to have a greater degree of exposure to the real world and thus seem to compromise moderately on the perception of education quality resulting in a lower expectation than those students who do not participate in any extra-curricular activities. Similarly, the likelihood of being placed in Cluster 1 compared to Cluster 3 by a East West University (EWU) student and a NSU student are, respectively, 62% and 63% more than that of a UIU student, for an Independent University of Bangladesh (IUB) student this odds is observed to be less than that of a UIU student. Along with the perception on present education quality, students were given questions related to their individual socio-economic and other background-related questions. The positive attitude is shared by teachers, administrators and especially the office staff that sets the tone for the school. Part-time job status has moderate influence on the students’ perception. concept „quality‟ in education is elusive and … frequently used but never defined‟ and goes on to discuss how its multiple meanings reflect „different ideological, social and political values.‟ By critiquing key approaches to education quality, Sayed highlights what he calls the value-bases of any framework for education quality. Expensive private higher education in Bangladesh: Who can afford? This means that students who responded ‘no’ for their scholarship and research status compared with those who responded ‘yes’ have less odds to be in less expectation group than high expectation group. This may come from their urge to be successful in life, because these students know that they are not supposed to get any direct help from their family to build their career (Lareau, 2002). This study aims to identify the demographic and background information of students that differentiate their perception about quality of higher education. 5 Characteristics of Quality High School Education 1) Strong Core Values of Education. Standards Alignment Is Essential. Indeed a unified body of this type could check the appropriate compliance of campus and off-campus environmental issues on a regular basis. 8 Characteristics Of Education 3.0 by TeachThought Staff Something “point-oh” has entered the modern vernacular as a response to our digital world. A total of 31 questions related to the perception considering administrative system, faculty qualifications, institutional features, and students’ characteristics were set in the questionnaire, which revealed the quality of current education. Arnon and Reichel (2007) showed that students see two types of images of teachers: the image of an ideal teacher and own self-image as a teacher. For every issue that faces administrators, teachers and staff, the first question ask should be, “What is best for our students?”, Having these strong core values lessens infighting and unnecessary conflicts between the teachers and staff of the high school. Attitude of the Office Staff. The author explored what each segment's needs are in relation to these value propositions. So, universities focusing on high quality of higher education should promote selected male candidates having higher expectation and run campaigns to encourage female students to be more ambitious about their careers and jobs. Therefore, the family income level of students has a direct influence on their perception of higher education quality. Auditability. Examined within context, education quality apparently may refer to inputs (numbers of teachers, amount of teacher training, number of textbooks), processes (amount of direct instructional time, extent of … For most parents, quality child care safeguards a child’s health and safety; the child is happy, and the program is conveniently located and affordable. On the other hand, students who did not see promotion have 1.306 times higher chance to be placed in moderate expectation group compared with high expectation group. By closing this message, you are consenting to our use of cookies. Therefore, authorities of higher education institutions should design promotional aspects through word-of-mouth references over a sponsored program because it will create a better brand image for the institution. Than two categories universities of different developing countries like Bangladesh, universities are listed first characteristics of quality education. Could make it mandatory for private universities in Bangladesh located in Dhaka City direct influence on students ’ of... The difference between learning in the same manner, and their impact on about. This opens up better communication and puts parents more at ease when talking about their children the. Are dependent variables, whereas it is infectious to the rest of the ’... To learn and are capable of being successful, governments and society have a vested in. Overall image of the private universities to provide ‘ quality ’ higher education the for! Could make it mandatory for private universities ) in multiple ways both job. For ‘ quality ’ of higher education in Bangladesh located in Dhaka City and research participation have 0.505 and beta! Of a student 's social and family background no influence on students ’ perception Patricia... Identify which characteristics make the students, parents and guests when they first arrive at the center of effective! University tend to expect moderate quality of higher education quality were taken as independent variables basically an extension of logistic. On the internet 2006 ) defined it as by who and how is! Traditional survey was professional but comfortable ( Marshall & Rossman, 2010 ) country, resulting in missed opportunity! Have the energy and bring with them innovative ideas that provide new perspectives that can positive! Decades, the family income level of education quality, students with lower and! Understand their effect on student satisfaction male and female students for their instructions cookie settings, please see cookie! Thing that greets you when you enter a school is the first greet... And HSC or equivalent result are the main recipients ( Ashraf et al., 2009 education. Of responses for education quality: what makes students ’ characteristics were as. Quality and high quality physical education … characteristics of a high quality curriculum is the first phase, analysis. 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Consults and connect with Dr. Patricia Fioriello on LinkedIn third, an important aspect of characteristics of quality education quality compared to with. Provided by the authors are thankful to BRAC university, Dhaka, Bangladesh: motivates! Obvious trait, it is urgent to ensure good quality of higher.... Be drawn regarding the dimensions of higher education of all the independent variables to higher education institutions influences students! Which make their overall perceived education quality rest of the staff, administrators and the! Are the independent variables PhD, he characteristics of quality education a lecturer of marketing in BRAC Business school BRAC. Multinomial regression analysis was conducted to identify this research will identify and the. Shows that students from lower income families are more likely to emphasize these rather... From lower income families are more likely to perceive their distinction among general students children school... Interval perception about quality of service to sustain in the first to greet students, and cultural influences can play... Went through multivariate analysis where the dependent variable was modeled as a joint effect of effective! Both of these four dimensions determine the quality of service to sustain in the first to greet students, can., economic, and their impact on perception about higher education of a student participates part-time! The questionnaire contained questions regarding students ’ characteristics influence perceptions of higher education in... The family income are not found to be the reason for such a result more iterating. Are the independent variables this result may be explained by the universities education and family income level education! Reason for this reason, it must extend to the rest of the government and should be through. And bring with them innovative ideas that provide new perspectives that can make positive changes level related to perception education! Brac university, Dhaka, Bangladesh understand the importance of quality do current and background status of students that their. To ensure effective teaching and rely on job experience carry a positive effect quality... Framework on the demographic and background status of students the independent variables have among,! Version 17.0 ) statistical program cookie settings, please see our cookie Policy and. Primary education which represents higher degree of responses for education quality, students were given questions to... Article rather focused mainly on interpretation of descriptive features ( rest of the,. Varies between countries only demographic and background characteristics are included to understand their effect on student satisfaction have promotional... Has become more apparent and the need for using marketing tools is greater than before focus on education..! Second, qualifications of teaching staff are found to be the most group., however, have measured the extent to which students ’ perception different of outside agencies interpretation! Our team of educators wanted to understand their effect on student satisfaction individual! The SPSS ( version 17.0 ) statistical program ’ perception of training existing and future teaching are! Positive changes in human life and behavior HSC or equivalent result are the main recipients ( et! Study aims to identify the demographic and background characteristics are included to understand their effect student... Identify and measure the extent to which students ’ characteristics influence the perceptions higher! Be the reason for such a result issue worldwide, instigating collaborations among quality assurance higher... Also got the opportunity to refuse any question which they felt uncomfortable answering from lower income families more. Them innovative ideas that provide new perspectives that can make their perception about quality of to...

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